Nursing Care for HIV - HIV Basics for Nurses

Author: Talitha Crowley, MCur, PGDip Primary Health Care, PGDip Nursing Ed, BCur
Editor In Chief: Ian M. Sanne, MBBCH, FCP(SA) (More Info)

Last Reviewed: July 8, 2016 (What's New)

Credit Information

inPractice® Africa’s Continuing Education Unit (CEU) provider, the South African Medical Association, offers physicians 3 CPD points on a 70% pass rate for completing this individual module. Nonphysicians who successfully complete the module will receive a participation certificate. To learn more on CPD credits and participation certificates, click here.

Introduction, History, and Epidemiology

  • The unique history of HIV in South Africa has led to a grave situation—12.2% (6.8 million) of South Africans are believed to be infected with HIV[UNAIDS 2014]
    • Although the percent of people with HIV has remained the same, the absolute number of people infected with HIV has increased by 100,000 each year due to increased access to treatment [UNAIDS ZA Progress Report 2012]
  • This national emergency must be approached collectively
    • Within communities, a team of nurses, doctors, and other healthcare workers play a pivotal role
    • In addition, people living with HIV, members of the affected communities, and civil society must be involved
  • Despite the fact that HIV affects virtually every South African, the disease remains highly stigmatised
  • Learning how the HIV/AIDS epidemic unfolded can provide doctors and nurses with tools to explain the basics of the epidemic
    • What the virus is and how it affects the immune system
    • How stigma, which is almost as dangerous, adds to the epidemic