South Africa National Department of Health
Publication Date: April 16, 2012
Essential medicines are defined as those that satisfy the priority healthcare needs of the population; they are intended to be available within the context of functioning health systems at all times in adequate quantities, in the appropriate dosage forms, with assured quality and adequate information, and at a price the individual and the community can afford. This list includes medicines selected by the South Africa National Department of Health regarding disease prevalence, efficacy and safety evidence, and comparative cost. The list includes medications for the following organ systems, areas of care, and diseases: alimentary tract; blood and blood forming organs; cardiovascular system; dermatology; gynaecology; obstetrics; nephrologic/urologic disorders; endocrine system; systemic and nosocomial infections; HIV and AIDS; surgical antibiotic prophylaxis; pain; musculoskeletal system; neurological disorders; psychiatric disorders; respiratory system; ear, nose, and throat disorders; eye disorders; poisoning; emergencies and injuries; and anaesthesiology, nutritional support, and miscellaneous conditions.
Keywords: HIV - Adherence, HIV - First-line Therapy, HIV - Psychosocial Issues, HIV - Treatment-Experienced Patients, HIV - Tuberculosis, HIV - Monitoring, HIV - Adverse Events, HIV - Fat Perturbations, HIV - Haematologic Complications, HIV - Dermatologic Complications, HIV - IRIS, HIV - Cryptococcus, HIV - Cytomegalovirus (CMV), HIV - Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PCP), HIV - Resource-Limited Settings