Guideline Detail

Clinical Guidelines: PMTCT (Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission)

Source: South Africa National Department of Health
Publication Date: January 1, 2010

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2010 South Africa National Department of Health clinical guidelines on the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Topics addressed include prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) processes and goals of intervention, including antenatal care, labour and delivery, and postnatal follow-up of mother and infant; keeping women and children healthy, improving their quality of life, and reducing their mortality; provider-initiated counselling and testing; testing algorithm for pregnant women; posttest counselling; routine clinical care for HIV-positive pregnant women, including antenatal management (initial assessment, antiretroviral therapy [ART] prophylaxis, lifelong ART, special circumstances), intrapartum management (ART prophylaxis, ART treatment, special circumstances), safe delivery techniques, and postnatal care (care of HIV-positive women and their infants in the immediate postdelivery period, ART prophylaxis, infant prophylaxis); regimens; establishing safe infant feeding practices; and infant follow-up.

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Keywords: HIV - Resource-Limited Settings, HIV - Pregnancy, HIV - Women, HIV - Special Populations, HIV - Prevention