Guideline Detail

Draft National Infection Prevention and Control Policy for TB, MDRTB and XDRTB

Source: South Africa National Department of Health
Publication Date: April 1, 2007

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2007 South Africa National Department of Health recommendations for the prevention and control of tuberculosis (TB), multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, and extensively drug–resistant TB. Topics addressed include why TB is a problem in HIV care settings; how Mycobacterium tuberculosis is spread; how TB disease in the lungs is diagnosed; vaccination with Bacillus Calmette-Guérin; difference between TB infection and TB disease; when TB is infectious; methods for reducing the risk of spreading M. tuberculosis in healthcare settings, including infection prevention and control plan, administrative support, staff training, patient education and community awareness, coordination and communication between the TB and HIV & AIDS Care Programme, and environmental control measures; protection of healthcare workers and staff by increasing awareness of TB, increasing access to HIV voluntary counselling and testing, and use of personal respiratory protection; multidrug-resistant TB; drug rehabilitation centres/correctional institutions; and operational research priorities.

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Keywords: Tuberculosis - Resource-Limited Settings, Tuberculosis - Pathogenesis, Tuberculosis - Transmission and Prevention, Tuberculosis - Drug Resistance, Tuberculosis - Correctional Settings, HIV - Tuberculosis